An occasional bump or scab on the head is quite normal, especially if your scalp is exposed to the elements. But if this happens more often, you may have an underlying medical reason. A healthy scalp usually is free of irritations or growths and produce healthy hair. Certain conditions lead to scalp problems; Some are simply annoying, while others are quite serious. Taking good care of your scalp is important for your health.
The scalp is part of the integumentary system (skin) and is composed of blood vessels, hair follicles, nerves, oil and sweat glands. The sebaceous glands produce a substance called sebum that keeps hair and skin soft. According to the Atlas of the Human Body, your scalp can have 100,000 hair follicles. These may be in phases of growth, rest or spill. The causes of packages and scabs on the scalp can be psoriasis, warts, ringworm, skin cancer, acne, dermatitis (inflammation of skin) and others.
A package is a soft or hard lump which could cause pain or be totally asymptomatic. Certain conditions such as acne, various types of skin cancers, warts and even the scars of cuts or grains, can cause bumps on the scalp. Since acne can occur anywhere on the face or body, scalp certainly not immune. There may be accumulation of hair oil or even bacteria that become trapped. Waxy, bright or white bumps on sun-exposed areas such as the head, may indicate basal cell carcinoma. It is a good idea that a medical professional will analyze scalp packages before choosing the treatment.
A crust is crispy dry or skin patch that can be red, purple, white or even have a silvery sheen. Conditions such as psoriasis, skin cancer, dermatitis and ringworm may cause crusting. According to the National Psoriasis Foundation, there is a probability of 50 percent that affect your scalp. In serious cases, the whole scalp can be covered with thick and dried crusts. According to MayoClinic.com, one of the signs of skin cancer is a sore that does not seem to heal, bleed and then crust over. These ulcers may be visible or be hidden under the hair. Although it is unlikely to affect adults, ringworm of the scalp (tinea capitis) is a fungal infection. While dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin of an ingested source (wheat) or external agent (fragrance or latex) can cause lumps and bumps and even present tenderness.
The use of mineral oil in your scalp relieves dryness. For general good hygiene and to prevent ringworm, avoid sharing combs, brushes and hats. Need your skin and hair follicles of the scalp are healthy to minimize scalp problems. Excessive moisture and heat can trigger an outbreak of psoriasis. Frequently clean the scalp with gentle ingredients. Natural herbs such as thyme, sage and fenugreek can help relieve the symptoms of acne, according to Ensbio.com.
Treat your scalp with shampoo, topical medications, scalp massage and surgical procedures (removal of warts or skin cancer). Also, try to avoid stress, which can cause diseases such as psoriasis. For mild psoriasis, medicated shampoos used with tar or salicylic acid. Severe cases require topical treatments or methotrexate, which cures systemically. Antifungal creams and good hygiene shampoo often can treat ringworm. The best remedy for dermatitis is to avoid irritants completely, and use topical medications. Consult a doctor if the bumps and crusting of the scalp are not resolved within a reasonable time (several weeks).