If you have kidney disease or dialysis, your doctor may require you to follow a diet low in potassium to avoid side effects such as an irregular heartbeat heart or a heart attack. Some potassium is essential to keep your heart rate, muscle contractions and blood pressure. But when the kidneys are not able to adequately filter potassium can build up to dangerously high levels in your body. Your doctor or nutritionist will tell you how much potassium is safe to eat daily based on blood tests. In general, lower potassium contain less than 200 milligrams per serving of the mineral.
You can still eat a variety of fruits on a low potassium diet. Apples, blueberries, blackberries, cherries, grapes, peaches, pears, pineapple, plums, raspberries, strawberries and watermelon provide less than 150 milligrams of potassium per half cup. You can make juices of these fruits too, but limit your portion to 1/2 cup. Fruits that contain high levels of potassium and to be avoided include bananas, apricots, cantaloupe, kiwi, grapefruit, mango, nectarines, oranges, plums and raisins.
You can safely eat certain vegetables in a diet low in potassium, while others should be avoided. Many of the non-starchy vegetables, such as asparagus, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, cucumbers, eggplant, lettuce, mushrooms, onions, peppers, summer squash, radishes and turnips, are low in potassium. Avoid winter squash, potatoes, sweet potatoes and tomatoes, some of the vegetables rich in potassium. The National Kidney Foundation notes that potassium can make something of these vegetables to peel and soak in warm water for at least two hours.
Comidasseguras whole grains
Most whole foods do not provide large amounts of potassium. You can eat a portion of 1/2 cup cooked rice, barley, couscous, millet or oats and take less than 70 milligrams of potassium. Baked goods such as bread, buns and rolls, products are also low in potassium. It is safe to eat pasta and noodles made from whole grains and limit your intake of potassium. However, you should avoid and granola cereal bran, which may contain more than 300 milligrams of potassium per serving of 1/3 cup.
Meals rich in protein allowed
Proteins and animal products typically provide significant amounts of potassium, but proteins are an essential part of a healthy diet. You will need to wisely choose protein sources and limit your intake based on total potassium dietitian recommends your day. Beef, pork, turkey, chicken, eggs or fish provides typically less than 100 milligrams of potassium per ounce cooked according Huntsman Cancer Hospital. Cheddar, bleu, colby, goat, gouda, mozzarella, provolone and Swiss cheese are low in potassium provide 50 milligrams or less per ounce. Avoid dry beans, tofu, soy milk, nuts, seeds, yogurt and milk, as they are rich in potassium.