When it comes to cholesterol and health, the general recommendations are to aspire to lower cholesterol levels. However, not all types of cholesterol are bad. Cholesterol high density lipoprotein provides a protective effect against heart disease and high levels of HDL is considered good. In trying to control cholesterol, the first step is to have a cholesterol test so your doctor can check the numbers and make recommendations, if any levels are too high.
Cholesterol does not dissolve in blood, so it must be transported through the body by a special transport. One type of support is low-density lipoprotein, which is considered the bad guy, because cholesterol is needed to be stored in the body. When LDL levels are too high, plaque builds up along the walls of blood vessels and cause a disease called coronary artery disease. The other main type of the company is the HDL, which is the "good"As it collects LDL and brings it to be excreted outside the body. If your total cholesterol level is less than 200 mg / dL, but your HDL levels are below 40 mg / dL, the risk of heart disease is higher than someone with a low count of total cholesterol, but count high HDL, according to the Texas Heart Institute. Given this, all adults should try to raise HDL levels at least 60 mg / dL or more.
HDL is considered "good" because, according to the American Heart Association, it helps protect against heart disease and collects LDL in the blood and carries it to the liver so that it can be eliminated from the body. Having a high HDL level may slow the buildup of plaque on artery walls. By controlling the levels of total cholesterol, the goal is to raise the level of HDL, so there is a lower proportion of LDL cholesterol in the blood.
As HDL cholesterol protects against heart disease, the goal is to raise the level as high as possible. With the aim of an HDL level of 60 mg / dL is only a guide and if you can get even higher, the better. You need a doctor to check your individual health condition to determine the actual risk of heart disease. Cleveland Clinic suggests that patients with total cholesterol level of 240 mg / dL, with a high level of HDL can not be at risk of contracting diseases. Because each case is different, always talk to your doctor about high levels of HDL, as there are genetic conditions and diseases that cause dangerously high levels of all types of cholesterol.
You can use your level of HDL and total cholesterol to reach a relationship that you can also help predict the risk of heart disease. To calculate the ratio, divide the total cholesterol by the HDL number. For men, a ratio of 5 means average risk for heart disease, those with a ratio of 3.4 have roughly half the average risk, and men with a ratio of 9.6, are almost twice risk than average. Women tend to have higher HDL levels, so for them, a ratio of 4.4 means an average risk, 3.3 is half the average, and a ratio of 7 indicates that almost double the risk.